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Creative Writing: Poetry: Analysis, Criticism & Reference

Criticism & Analysis

[A practice] concerned with literary theory and the evaluation of literary works. It effectively began with PLATO's comments on the role of poets in his Republic; ARISTOTLE's response to this, the Poetics, represents the first systematic attempt to establish principles of literary procedure. Notable later contributions to the debate include Sir Philip SIDNEY's The Defence of Poesie (1595); DRYDEN's Of Dramatick Poesie (1668); WORDSWORTH's preface to Lyrical Ballads (1798); SHELLEY's A Defence of Poetry (1820); and the critical works of Matthew ARNOLD, in particular, Culture and Anarchy (1869). The 20th century witnessed an explosion of literary criticism, such as the writings of T. S ELIOT, I. A. Richards, William Empson and F. R. LEAVIS; also important are the writings of STRUCTURALISM and post-structuralism, notably Roland BARTHES, Michel FOUCAULT, and Jacques DERRIDA. The late 20th century saw the beginning of new critical approaches such as DECONSTRUCTION and FEMINISM (World Encyclopedia, 2008).


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