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APA - 6th edition: Print Articles

Journal vs. Magazine vs. Newspaper

Have you ever wondered what the differences are between a journal and a magazine?

  • Journals tend to be published every 2 or 4 months. They are peer-reviewed, this means experts in the subject area review the articles before they are accepted. They tend to publish original research and the articles published in them are long.
  • Magazines tend to be published every month. They are not peer-reviewed and the articles tend to be shorter in length. The articles tend to be more practical and less research oriented.
  • Newpapers tend to be published daily. They contain a variety of information and are arranged by sections.

Print articles from journals

To write a citation for a printed journal article you need the following pieces of information:

  • Author(s)
  • Year
  • Article title
  • Journal title (this is italicized)
  • Volume number (this is italicized)
  • Issue number (sometimes you need this and sometimes you don't, it depends on how the journal pages itself. If each issue begins on with page 1 then you need the issue number. If the pages numbers continue from the previous issue then you do not need the issue number.)
  • Page numbers

Examples (remember on your references these would be double-spaced!):

Agodini, R., & Harris, B. (2010). An experimental evaluation of four elementary school math curricula. Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 3, 199-253.

Al Otaiba, S., Conor, C., Lane, H., Kosanovich, M., Schatschneider, C., Dyrlund, A. K.,...Wright, T. (2008). Reading First kindergarten classroom instruction and students' growth in phonological awareness and letter naming-decoding fluency. Journal of School Psychology, 46, 281-314.

Bolick, C. M., Adams, R., & Willox, L. (2010). The marginalization of elementary Social Studies in teacher education. Social Studies Research and Practice, 5(2), 1-22. (Notice this journal starts each issue on page one so we use the issue number. The issue number is always behind the volume number an is in (). While the volume number is italicized, the issue number is not.)

Print articles from magazines

To write a citation for a printed magazine article you need the following pieces of information:

  • Author(s)
  • Date (Year, Month)
  • Article title
  • Magazine title (this is italicized)
  • Volume number (this is italicized)
  • Issue number 
  • Page numbers

Examples (remember on your references these would be double-spaced!):

Cassidy, J., & Cassidy, D. (2009, December). What's hot for 2010: 14th annual survey reveals come "crumbling pillars" of reading instruction. Reading Today, 27(3), 1-9. (The words crumbling pillars are in quotation marks because that is how they are written on the article. Notice the year and month are both given, as is the issue number)

Clarskson, P. (2010, March). Mathematics and water in the garden: Weaving mathematics into the students' lived environment. Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom, 15(1), 11-14. 

Print articles from newspapers

To write a citation for a printed newspaper article you need the following piecs of information:

  • Author(s)
  • Date (Year, Month Day)
  • Article title
  • Newspaper title
  • Pages (for newspaper articles you use the abbreviation p or pp and include the section letter)

Examples (remember on your references these would be double-spaced!):

Baum, S., & McPherson, M. (2011, September 19). Get smart about college. Wall Street Journal, pp. R1-R8.

Conlin, J. (2011, November 27). College students replace poverty with creativity. New York Times, p.6

Schwartz, J. (1993, September 30). Obesity affects economic, social status. The Washington Post, pp. A1, A4.